Compiled by Catherine Tedford with assistance from McKael Barnes, SLU Class of 2020

September 16, 1916 advertisement in I.W.W. “Solidarity” newspaper
April 7, 1917 advertisement in I.W.W. “Solidarity” newspaper

Abbott, Lyman, Ernest Hamlin Abbott, and Hamilton Wright Mabie, eds. “The I.W.W. on Trial: Special Correspondence.” The Outlook, Vol. 119. United States, Outlook Publishing Company, 1918. 448-450. Print.[1]

The Outlook, July 6, 1918, page 449

Botkin, Jane Little. Frank Little and the IWW: The Blood That Stained an American Family. University of Oklahoma Press, 2017.

Bubka, Tony. “Time to Organize! The IWW Stickeretts [sic],” American West 5, no. 1. January 1968: 21-22, 25-26, 73. Print.

Chaplin, Ralph. Wobbly, the Rough and Tumble Story of an American Radical. Da Capo Press, 1972. 194-195, 199-200, 205-207, 219. Print.

Clymer, Jeffory A. America’s Culture of Terrorism: Violence, Capitalism, and the Written Word. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004. 193-199. Print.

Clyne, Charles F. The I.W.W. Indictments. International Socialist Review: A Monthly Journal of International Socialist Thought. United States, 1917. 276. Print.

Dinnerstein, Leonard, and Kenneth T. Jackson. American Vistas: 1877 to the Present. Oxford University Press, 1987, 129. Print.

Hall, Greg. Harvest Wobblies: The Industrial Workers of the World and Agricultural Laborers in the American West, 1905-1930. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 2001. 72-74, 93, 103-104, 110. Print.[2]

Haywood, William D. The Autobiography of Big Bill Haywood. 1929. 282. Print.

Industrial Workers of the World. Proceedings of the Tenth Convention Held at Chicago, IL, November 20 to December 1, 1916. 1917.[3]

Industrial Workers of the World. I.W.W. SongsSongs of the Workers: On the Road, in the Jungles and in the Shops – Joe Hill Memorial Edition (Ninth Edition). United States, I.W.W. Publishing Bureau, March 1916. Print.[4][5]

Industrial Workers of the World. I.W.W. SongsSongs of the Workers: On the Road, in the Jungles and in the Shops – Joe Hill Memorial Edition (Tenth Edition). United States, I.W.W. Publishing Bureau, 1917. 65. Print.[6][7]

“The Onward Sweep” pamphlet advertisement, 1917

Kornbluh, Joyce L. Rebel Voices: An IWW Anthology. University of Michigan Press, 1964. 59. Print.

McGovern, John F. “Sabotage Wanton Destruction of Property, Nothing More.” Minneapolis Star Tribune 14 Dec. 1919: 4. Web.

Miles, Dione, and Wayne State University. Something in Common: an IWW Bibliography. Wayne State University Press, 1986, 14. Print.

Myers, Richard. Slaughter in Serene: The Columbine Coal Strike Reader. United States, Bread and Roses Workers’ Cultural Center, 2005. 28. Print.

Prahl, Michael Torrance. “The federal government and the Industrial Workers of the World, 1917-1918: An attempt to crush a labor union.” University of Northern Iowa UNI ScholarWorks, 1990. 79, 86, 157-159. Web.

Rosemont, Franklin, and Roediger, David R. Haymarket Scrapbook. C.H. Kerr Publishing Company, 1986, 195. Print.[8]

Rosemont, Franklin. Joe Hill: The IWW & the Making of a Revolutionary Workingclass Counterculture. United States, C.H. Kerr Pub., 2003. 99. Print.

Salerno, Salvatore. Red November, Black November: Culture and Community in the Industrial Workers of the World. SUNY Press, 1989, pp. 178.

Smith, Walker C., et al. Direct Action & Sabotage: Three Classic IWW Pamphlets from the 1910s. United States, PM Press, 2014. 19-20. Print.

Stauffer, John, and Benjamin Soskis. “Solidarity Forever.” The Battle Hymn of the Republic: A Biography of the Song That Marches On. Oxford University Press, 2013. 189, 340.[9]

Tedford, Catherine. “Silent Agitators: Early Stickerettes from the Industrial Workers of the World.” Signal: A Journal of International Political Graphics & Culture 06 (2018):

Tyler, Robert L. Rebels of the Woods: The I. W. W. in the Pacific Northwest. University of Oregon Books, 1967, pp. 92.

Van Wienen, Mark W. “The New Society within the Shell of the Old: Wobbly Parody Poetical and Political.” Partisans and Poets: The Political Work of American Poetry in the Great War. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997. 95-102. Print.[10]

Weisberger, Bernard A. “Here Come the Wobblies.” American Heritage 18, no. 4 (June 1967): 30-35. Print.

Whalan, Mark. American Culture in the 1910s. Edinburgh University Press, 2010. 172-173. Print.

[1] Great illustration of three stickerettes for Wikipedia.

[2] Page 72 dates stickers to 1912.

[3] Full page ad for STICKERETTES for Wikipedia.

[4] Full page ad of man in clogs for Wikipedia.

[5] Also available at

[6] Full page ad of “The Scissorbill’s Prayer” for Wikipedia.

[7] The University of Washington Libraries digitized Katie Phar’s signed I.W.W. Songs (Ca. 1917) with stickers mentioned on page 64.

[8] Chaplin cartoon from Cook County Jail but not available in Google Books.

[9] Dates first mention of stickerettes dating to 1915, with “in April 1917, “four million sold in less than a week” following America’s entry in WWI.

[10] Dates first stickerettes to November 20, 1915 issue of Solidarity.